NEXT Programmes

Map of cooperation programmes

  • Over 30 EU member states and neighbouring countries
  •  Thousands of km of land and sea borders
  •  €1 billion

European Neighbourhood Instrument Cross-Border Cooperation (ENI CBC) is building on the achievements of its predecessor, ENPI CBC,  which has generated 7.000 applications, involving over 37.000 organisations and leading to the approval of nearly 1.000 projects.

WHAT ARE THE ENI CBC PROGRAMMES?

A total of 15 programmes will be implemented under ENI CBC. They cover 12 land borders, one sea crossing and three sea basins, stretching from Finland and Russia in the north, to countries like Hungary and the Ukraine in the east, and Italy, Northern Africa and the Middle East in the south.

OBJECTIVES OF THE ENI CBC PROGRAMMES

Building on these achievements, ENI CBC promotes cooperation under the following objectives:

  • To promote economic and social development in regions on both sides of common borders
  • To address common challenges in environment, public health, safety and security
  • For promotion of better conditions and modalities for ensuring the mobility of persons, goods and capital.

“The most interesting thing is to work with so many different countries and to see how, despite all difficulties and obstacles, you manage to find a solution and to take a step forward.
It is very rewarding to observe all the goodwill the participating countries invest into these programmes, and you really get a feeling that you contribute to something that will be useful in the regions where the projects will be carried out. We believe that this will indeed lead to some positive results for people in the border regions which are often very poor, and that is a big accomplishment in itself.”

Ms Bodil Persson, DG NEAR, European Commission

PROGRAMME STRATEGIES

Building on the main ENI CBC objectives, the strategy for each of the 15 programmes is built around up to 4 of the following themes:

  1. BUSINESS AND SME DEVELOPMENT
  2. SUPPORT TO EDUCATION, RESEARCH, TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT AND INNOVATION
  3. PROMOTION OF LOCAL CULTURE AND PRESERVATION OF HISTORICAL HERITAGE
  4. PROMOTION OF SOCIAL INCLUSION AND FIGHT AGAINST POVERTY
  5. SUPPORT TO LOCAL AND REGIONAL GOOD GOVERNANCE
  6. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION, AND CLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION AND ADAPTATION
  1. IMPROVEMENT OF ACCESSIBILITY TO THE REGIONS, DEVELOPMENT OF SUSTAINABLE AND CLIMATE-PROOF TRANSPORT AND COMMUNICATION NETWORKS AND SYSTEMS
  2. COMMON CHALLENGES IN THE FIELD OF SAFETY AND SECURITY
  3. PROMOTION OF AND COOPERATION ON SUSTAINABLE ENERGY AND ENERGY SECURITY
  4. PROMOTION OF BORDER MANAGEMENT, BORDER SECURITY AND MOBILITY
  5. OTHER AREAS LIKELY TO HAVE A SUBSTANTIAL CROSS-BORDER IMPACT

OTHER PROGRAMMES AND PARTNERSHIPS

In this section, you will find information and links to other programmes and structures relevant to ENI CBC.

EU POLICIES AND INSTITUTIONS:
OTHER EU PROGRAMMES, STRATEGIES OF CROSS-BORDER, REGIONAL COOPERATION:

ENI CBC

STORIES

Latvia: transforming handicrafts from hobby to source of income

LATVIA – Latgale, the easternmost region of Latvia, is known for its rich cultural heritage and the vibrancy of crafts tradition. Trades such as pottery, woodworking, stone-cutting, knitting, and weaving continue to flourish here alongside the new forms of craftsmanship, like glass decor, porcelain, production of cosmetic products, demonstrating the evolution of traditions in response to contemporary influences and market demands. The region, sharing borders with Russia and Belarus, has developed these trades through generations, making it an integral part of its cultural identity. Crafts in Latgale are not only a way of preserving traditional customs but also a means of fostering community engagement and socio-economic activity, contributing significantly to local development.

What to do with all that waste? From grapes to beauty products

TUNISIA – Grapes, the jewels of the vineyards, yield at global level approximately 74 million tons of wine each year. Yet, alongside the production of wine comes a significant by-product: pomace — a mix of peels, seeds, and stems. Typically, this pomace meets one of two fates: animal feed or open-air fertilizer at best. However, recent research reveals a hidden treasure trove within this waste. Bursting with bioactive substances like antioxidants, pomace possesses benefits ranging from anti-aging to anti-cancer properties. The ENI CBC BESTMEDGRAPE project, spanning the Mediterranean from north to south, capitalizes on this untapped resource, blending knowledge, tradition, and innovation to empower both the grape sector and creative entrepreneurs.

Towards a circular economy in the South

How can waste reprocessing favour a circular economy and a sustainable future? Environmental considerations are at the forefront of Interreg NEXT priorities: regulations ask all programmes to devote 30% of the budget to contribute to climate targets. But making use of waste to promote a green, circular economy was also high on the agenda of ENI CBC: at the end of the programming cycle, it turns out that research was key to waste reconditioning, and it has favoured innovative solutions which are now opening market opportunities and boosting employment. The idea of a system where materials never become waste, is gaining space.

Joining forces for health care

Eight million inhabitants living in ten border regions across four countries: this is the area supported by the Hungary-Slovakia-Romania-Ukraine (HSRU) ENI CBC Programme, a largely rural environment, where a decreasing, aging population is troubled by a higher unemployment rate and a lower economic performance compared to the national averages. In border regions, people health status is in general less favourable than in central ones, particularly for the most impoverished categories. Socioeconomically precarious citizens are always the most vulnerable, but a big segment of the population at large does not lead a health-conscious lifestyle, neither seems aware of the role of prevention. All the more reason to invest in the development of health infrastructure, services, trainings programmes, prevention activities, general public awareness. That is why – when the 2014-2020 programming cycle started – the territorial cooperation between European countries and their neighbours decided to put the health care of inhabitants from the border regions among its priorities. It was crucial to devote cooperation efforts to improve the availability and level of health services and preventive activities, and since 2014 “we have supported the implementation of health projects with 12,3 million €  – says Nikoletta Horvàth, deputy head of the programme’s Managing Authority – which represent close to 20% of the total available funds”. 


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