Because neighbours ...

Neighbourhood external cooperation programmes


Borders may be obstacles, but also opportunities. Borders may separate, but they can also connect. The external borders across the European Union are an inspiration for people to work together and make the territories on both sides greener, more prosperous, more connected, and more inclusive. The cooperation across the EU external borders aims at improving the living conditions of regional communities, by finding common solutions to common challenges.


  • 23 Member States and Partner Countries
  • 7 Interreg NEXT programmes
  • EUR 735 million EU funds (current allocation)
  • Over 2.000 km of 5 land borders
  • 2 sea basins
  • 1 sea crossing
Discover the Interreg NEXT programmes

Fresh from the field

One week to build project development skills

External border regions hungry for cooperation; potential project applicants from Partner Countries are impatient to know more, to learn, to understand. TESIM’s first four Capacity Building Weeks have come to an end, but given the high number of requests for participation that could not be met, more are planned for the near future.  The sign comes straight from the regions: territorial cooperation is seen as a great way to exploit the untapped growth potential in border areas, with the view to achieving a higher degree of territorial integration.

Latvia: transforming handicrafts from hobby to source of income

LATVIA – Latgale, the easternmost region of Latvia, is known for its rich cultural heritage and the vibrancy of crafts tradition. Trades such as pottery, woodworking, stone-cutting, knitting, and weaving continue to flourish here alongside the new forms of craftsmanship, like glass decor, porcelain, production of cosmetic products, demonstrating the evolution of traditions in response to contemporary influences and market demands. The region, sharing borders with Russia and Belarus, has developed these trades through generations, making it an integral part of its cultural identity. Crafts in Latgale are not only a way of preserving traditional customs but also a means of fostering community engagement and socio-economic activity, contributing significantly to local development.

What to do with all that waste? From grapes to beauty products

TUNISIA – Grapes, the jewels of the vineyards, yield at global level approximately 74 million tons of wine each year. Yet, alongside the production of wine comes a significant by-product: pomace — a mix of peels, seeds, and stems. Typically, this pomace meets one of two fates: animal feed or open-air fertilizer at best. However, recent research reveals a hidden treasure trove within this waste. Bursting with bioactive substances like antioxidants, pomace possesses benefits ranging from anti-aging to anti-cancer properties. The ENI CBC BESTMEDGRAPE project, spanning the Mediterranean from north to south, capitalizes on this untapped resource, blending knowledge, tradition, and innovation to empower both the grape sector and creative entrepreneurs.

Towards a circular economy in the South

How can waste reprocessing favour a circular economy and a sustainable future? Environmental considerations are at the forefront of Interreg NEXT priorities: regulations ask all programmes to devote 30% of the budget to contribute to climate targets. But making use of waste to promote a green, circular economy was also high on the agenda of ENI CBC: at the end of the programming cycle, it turns out that research was key to waste reconditioning, and it has favoured innovative solutions which are now opening market opportunities and boosting employment. The idea of a system where materials never become waste, is gaining space.

How to change cooperation after 2027?

«Is living next to a border an opportunity or a disadvantage?», «What would be the cooperation project of your dreams?» These are some of the questions that citizens and organisations involved in cooperation across EU’s external borders will be invited to answer in the coming months. In preparing for the post-2027 Interreg programmes, the European Commission has launched a twofold consultation process, to gather suggestions as to what shape Interreg should take in the next programming cycle.

Ukraine, the solidarity continues on the way to accession

It was February 24, 2022, and suddenly everything changed. Since the beginning of the Russian aggression to Ukraine, ENI CBC programmes multiplied their efforts to sustain in a way or another the tens of thousands of refugees and displaced people flooding the country and its neighbours. Projects’ efforts were not spared to feed, host, care for a population on the run. Different structures were converted into shelters, training or health centres opened the doors to fleeing families. At the same time, ENI CBC managing structures were struggling to keep afloat the on-going projects.

Joining forces for health care

Eight million inhabitants living in ten border regions across four countries: this is the area supported by the Hungary-Slovakia-Romania-Ukraine (HSRU) ENI CBC Programme, a largely rural environment, where a decreasing, aging population is troubled by a higher unemployment rate and a lower economic performance compared to the national averages. In border regions, people health status is in general less favourable than in central ones, particularly for the most impoverished categories. Socioeconomically precarious citizens are always the most vulnerable, but a big segment of the population at large does not lead a health-conscious lifestyle, neither seems aware of the role of prevention. All the more reason to invest in the development of health infrastructure, services, trainings programmes, prevention activities, general public awareness. That is why – when the 2014-2020 programming cycle started – the territorial cooperation between European countries and their neighbours decided to put the health care of inhabitants from the border regions among its priorities. It was crucial to devote cooperation efforts to improve the availability and level of health services and preventive activities, and since 2014 “we have supported the implementation of health projects with 12,3 million €  – says Nikoletta Horvàth, deputy head of the programme’s Managing Authority – which represent close to 20% of the total available funds”. 

Next Programmes

Seven Interreg NEXT (Neighbourhood External) programmes have been approved in 2022, for a (current) envelope of 735 million EUR. Five of them involve Ukraine and the Republic of Moldova, highlighting the key role of the Eastern partners in facing the consequences of the Russian aggression. Cooperation in the South remains also a priority for the Union.

ENI CBC Programmes

A total of 16 programmes will be implemented under ENI CBC. They cover 12 land borders, one sea crossing and three sea basins, stretching from Finland and Russia in the north, to countries like Hungary and the Ukraine in the east, and Italy, Northern Africa and the Middle East in the south.
Here you will find news and information on each programme, including the programme strategy and participating countries.

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ENI CBC/Interreg NEXT enhance cooperation between EU Member States and Neighbouring countries

4 days ago

🎙"𝘙𝘦𝘨𝘪𝘰𝘯𝘴 𝘢𝘯𝘥 𝘤𝘪𝘵𝘪𝘦𝘴 𝘩𝘢𝘷𝘦 𝘢 𝘤𝘦𝘯𝘵𝘳𝘢𝘭 𝘳𝘰𝘭𝘦 𝘵𝘰 𝘱𝘭𝘢𝘺, 𝘢𝘯𝘥 𝘱𝘢𝘳𝘵𝘯𝘦𝘳𝘴𝘩𝘪𝘱 𝘮𝘶𝘴𝘵 𝘣𝘦 𝘴𝘵𝘳𝘦𝘯𝘨𝘵𝘩𝘦𝘯𝘦𝘥 𝘵𝘰 𝘣𝘳𝘪𝘯𝘨 𝘵𝘰𝘨𝘦𝘵𝘩𝘦𝘳 𝘔𝘦𝘮𝘣𝘦𝘳 𝘚𝘵𝘢𝘵𝘦𝘴 𝘢𝘯𝘥 𝘤𝘢𝘯𝘥𝘪𝘥𝘢𝘵𝘦 𝘤𝘰𝘶𝘯𝘵𝘳𝘪𝘦𝘴 𝘢𝘳𝘰𝘶𝘯𝘥 𝘵𝘩𝘦 𝘵𝘢𝘣𝘭𝘦 𝘰𝘧 𝘤𝘰𝘰𝘱𝘦𝘳𝘢𝘵𝘪𝘰𝘯". This is the message of Elisa Ferreira, European Commissioner for Cohesion and Reforms, to the participants of the 𝟏𝟑𝐭𝐡 #𝐄𝐔𝐒𝐃𝐑 𝐀𝐧𝐧𝐮𝐚𝐥 𝐅𝐨𝐫𝐮𝐦:"𝘚𝘭𝘰𝘷𝘦𝘯𝘪𝘢𝘯 𝘢𝘯𝘥 𝘈𝘶𝘴𝘵𝘳𝘪𝘢𝘯 𝘗𝘳𝘦𝘴𝘪𝘥𝘦𝘯𝘤𝘪𝘦𝘴 𝘩𝘢𝘷𝘦 𝘱𝘶𝘵 𝘢 𝘴𝘵𝘳𝘰𝘯𝘨 𝘦𝘮𝘱𝘩𝘢𝘴𝘪𝘴 𝘰𝘯 𝘤𝘰𝘰𝘱𝘦𝘳𝘢𝘵𝘪𝘰𝘯 𝘸𝘪𝘵𝘩 𝘜𝘬𝘳𝘢𝘪𝘯𝘦 𝘢𝘯𝘥 𝘵𝘩𝘦 𝘙𝘦𝘱𝘶𝘣𝘭𝘪𝘤 𝘰𝘧 𝘔𝘰𝘭𝘥𝘰𝘷𝘢", continued Commissioner, stressing that "𝘵𝘩𝘦 𝘋𝘢𝘯𝘶𝘣𝘦 𝘙𝘦𝘨𝘪𝘰𝘯 𝘚𝘵𝘳𝘢𝘵𝘦𝘨𝘺 𝘱𝘭𝘢𝘺𝘴 𝘢 𝘶𝘯𝘪𝘲𝘶𝘦 𝘳𝘰𝘭𝘦 𝘪𝘯 𝘱𝘳𝘦𝘱𝘢𝘳𝘪𝘯𝘨 𝘤𝘢𝘯𝘥𝘪𝘥𝘢𝘵𝘦𝘴 𝘵𝘰 𝘸𝘰𝘳𝘬 𝘸𝘪𝘵𝘩 𝘌𝘶𝘳𝘰𝘱𝘦𝘢𝘯 𝘧𝘶𝘯𝘥𝘪𝘯𝘨 𝘢𝘯𝘥 𝘌𝘶𝘳𝘰𝘱𝘦𝘢𝘯 𝘮𝘦𝘤𝘩𝘢𝘯𝘪𝘴𝘮𝘴". 🎥⬇️ ... See MoreSee Less
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4 days ago

💬There is a need for continued support of the regions on the Eastern border of the EU - these regions are facing unprecedented challenges and structural changes 💬Future cooperation must increase flexibility and continue the path towards simplificationThese key messages have been voiced by the representatives of the 9️⃣ Northern cluster programmes, gathered on 18 and 19 June in 🇫🇮 Lappeenranta. This last in-person meeting of the cluster, facilitated by #tesim experts Iveta Puzo and Edmunds Sniķeris, was dedicated to the programme closure and to the reflection on the #Interreg post-2027. Thanks to the participants for the valuable inputs!Kolarctic CBC Karelia CBC Programme South-East Finland - Russia CBC Programme Estonian EU external border programme 2014-2020 Cross-Border Cooperation Programme 2014-2020 2014-2020 Cross-border Cooperation Programme in Lithuania ENI CBC Programme 2014-2020 Poland-Russia CBC Programme 2014-2020 Interreg NEXT Poland - Ukraine ... See MoreSee Less
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6 days ago

🤚Have your say on the future! If you are a current or former applicant/beneficiary to Interreg NEXT Poland - Ukraine, or if you are resident in the cross-border area of the Programme, you are invited to take part in a questionnaire to shape the future of the Programme after 2027 👇 👇𝗘𝗩𝗘𝗥𝗬 𝗩𝗢𝗜𝗖𝗘 𝗖𝗢𝗨𝗡𝗧𝗦❗ 🗣🇪🇺🇵🇱🇺🇦We invite you to take part in consultations on the future of the Programme! The aim of the consultation is to collect your opinions and comments on the directions of cross-border cooperation after 2027. The results will be used to develop a new Interreg Programme. Questionnaire for the 2014-2020 Programme's applicants and beneficiaries (𝗶𝗻𝘀𝘁𝗶𝘁𝘂𝘁𝗶𝗼𝗻𝘀):👉 for the 𝗶𝗻𝗵𝗮𝗯𝗶𝘁𝗮𝗻𝘁𝘀 of the Programme area: 👉 𝟯𝟭𝘀𝘁 𝗔𝘂𝗴𝘂𝘀𝘁 𝟮𝟬𝟮𝟰❗⏳Please 𝘀𝗵𝗮𝗿𝗲 the surveys so that as many people as possible can have their say and influence the future of the Programme beyond 2027!#EU #funds #InterregNEXT #Interreg #ENI #CBC #Programme #PL_UA #PLUA ... See MoreSee Less
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2 weeks ago

☑️ Strategic programme management and project management☑️ Capacity building approaches☑️ Ideas and visions on the important elements to shape post-2027 programmesYesterday four InterregNEXT and Danube Region Programme representatives met in the Polish 🇵🇱Olsztyn, the capital of the picturesque Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship, to take part in the 𝗘𝗮𝘀𝘁𝗲𝗿𝗻 𝗖𝗹𝘂𝘀𝘁𝗲𝗿 𝗺𝗲𝗲𝘁𝗶𝗻𝗴. The event, organised by #tesim in close cooperation with the Polish Managing Authority and Joint Secretariats of Interreg NEXT Poland - Ukraine and Poland-Russia CBC Programme 2014-2020, gave space for interesting exchanges, networking and group work to ar. 40 participants.👍Many thanks to the programmes for the day full of impressions!Interreg NEXT Romania-Ukraine Black Sea Basin CBC Interreg NEXT Romania-Republica Moldova ... See MoreSee Less
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2 weeks ago

🎇 Wishing successful implementation to the first #InterregNEXT project of Black Sea Basin CBC ! ... See MoreSee Less
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